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What Is a Patriot Missile? Air Defense Systems for Ballistic Missile Opponents to Advanced Aircraft

The Patriot missile (MIM-104) is an all-altitude, all-altitude, all-weather air defense mechanism to challenge short-range or tactical ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and great aircraft.

Patriot knows, searches, and includes UAVs, cruise missiles, and tactical ballistic missiles.

According to Army Technology, the Patriot was created by Raytheon in Massachusetts and Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control in Florida, United States.

The Patriot has been tested in combat operations in the Middle East during Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Liberation, and used to take down more than 100 tactical ballistic missiles in combat operations.

The Patriot mechanism consists of 5 special elements, namely a set of radars, a linkage control station, a missile launcher and a Patriot missile.

The radar device is divided into AN/MPQ-53 C-band, a multi-functional array radar mechanism remotely controlled by the MSQ-104 control station.

Also read: Russia Threatens NATO to Be Targeted by Moscow's Military If It Insists on Supplying Patriot Missiles to Ukraine

Radar is able to find and search more than 100 prospective targets and has an achievement of more than 100 km.

Drawn from the Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance, the AN/MSQ-104 linkage control station is one of the manned sides of the Patriot unit and is planned to talk to other Patriot smuggling stations, batteries and bases, and search for and prioritize targets.

The control station is generally manned by three operators responsible for two consoles and a communication station with 3 radio relay terminals.

To power the radar device and the linkage control mechanism, each Patriot unit has a power plant truck equipped with 2 150 KW generators.

Patriot missile launchers equip the Patriot mechanism.

Each missile launcher has four tubes and carries, targets, and fires missiles.

Missile launchers can be placed separately from radar and control stations and can be ready to fire missiles in less than 9 seconds.

After the missile was removed, he sent the data back to a radar station that searched for and helped assist the missile to its target.

The Patriot missile has been upgraded since it was first used and is a variety of PAC-2, PAC-3, GEM-T, and PAC-3 MSE missiles.

Patriot Variations


The Patriot PAC-2 interceptor was the first to be used for missile defense throughout the Gulf War.

It consisted of 1 stage, interceptors ejected from the ground with a high explosive power that was planned to erupt near incoming missiles and disrupt their flight.


Patriot Guidance Enhanced Missile (GEM) enhances the original PAC-2 interceptor by increasing the seeker, allowing to intercept low radar targets more efficiently, and connecting fuses to achieve better blasting near ballistic missiles.


GEM-T is an increase from the PAC-2 interceptor that provides a new fuse mechanism and a mechanism that makes its radar more sensitive to targets with a small signature radar.

This allowed the GEM-T to conquer more and more air-breathing forces as a companion to the PAC-3 missile enhanced in a unified air and missile defense mechanism.


While PAC-2 missiles were originally all blast fragmentation interceptors, PAC-3 enhanced effectiveness with a hit-to-kill interceptor mechanism. The appropriately revamped Patriot launcher can carry 16 different PAC-3 interceptors that can contain four PAC-2 missiles.


The increase in PAC-3 missile fragments achieves greater speed and maneuverability through increasingly powerful rocket motors and increasingly larger tail fins to allow conquering increasingly advanced ballistic and cruise missiles.

Patriots as Territorial Defense

Patriots were able to work independently to intercept short-range missiles and other air terrors, they were particularly planned as point defenses.

This means that they make protection of certain assets or locations, and are best used as a side of the layered missile defense mechanism because the missile only has an achievement of about 15-22 km, even though the radar has an achievement of about 100 km.

As a side of the layered defense mechanism, the Patriot mechanism could work with other missile defense mechanisms such as THAAD to create a multi-tiered, integrated, and overlapping defense on missile terror in the aviation terminal round.

Patriot as International Cooperation

The Patriot missile defense mechanism has already been purchased by 13 countries. Some countries with Patriot missile defense mechanisms include the United States (US), the Netherlands, Germany, Japan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Taiwan, Greece, Spain, South Korea, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar.

In November 2017, Romania, Poland and Sweden reached a missile defense agreement with the US to purchase Raytheon's Patriot missile defense mechanism.

Patriot was planned to provide air and missile defense forces at a tactical level in the defense of US-issued troops and allies.

Many countries today deploy Patriot missile defense mechanisms around the world making civilian protection and deploying troops from the terror of cruise missiles, ballistic missiles, rockets and aircraft.

The Patriot mechanism was combat tested throughout Operation Desert Storm, Operation Iraqi Liberation, and used as a side of Israel's Iron Dome missile defense mechanism.

In these years, many countries have put in place Patriot mechanisms to secure their banks and create protection of their forces from tactical ballistic missile terror.

Between January 2013 and late 2015, Tueki hosted five NATO Patriot batteries to boost the country's missile defense power on ballistic missile terror from the dispute in Syria.

Since 2012, the Patriots have been aware of several hundred ballistic missile launches in Syria and searched their flight lanes to ensure that they did not generate terror for Turkish civilians or troops ejected as far as the banks.

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia are now deploying Patriot missile defense mechanisms to protect their forces issued alongside the consolidation of Saudi leadership in Yemen and civilians as far away as the Yemeni/Saudi Arabian banks.

Since the dispute began, Houthi rebels have fired numerous Scud and Tochka missiles at Saudi consolidated forces, some of which have been blocked by Patriot batteries.

Meanwhile, Japan, South Korea and the US are now deploying Patriot mechanisms in the Pacific to protect their communities and/or deploy troops.

The US has been placing Patriot batteries in South Korea since 1994 to guard ballistic missiles and explore short distances of North Korea, in addition to the Patriot batteries that South Korea uses as a side of its missile defense mechanism.

Japan deployed the Patriot battery as a side of its missile defense around Tokyo.

In 2022, the 94th AAMDC successfully completed the first-ever direct shooting of the Patriot missile at Airai International Airfield in Palau as a side of Valiant Shield 22.

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