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Traces of the Father of the AK-47 Assault Rifle: History, Specifications, and Variants of the AK-47




Fans of war movies certainly know more or less about the AK-47. This is an assault weapon made by Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov, a Russian army general who was born on November 10, 1919. The other day, Kalashnikov repeated his 103rd birthday. He died in 2013 at the age of 94.


History and Details of the Legendary Assault Rifle

The name AK-47 as a compendium of the 1947 Avtomat Kalashnikova. Avtomat means automatis, and Kalashnikova as the name of the creator. The number 47 symbolizes the year of introduction of this weapon. According to Britannica, the AK-47 is the most used type of shoulder gun in the world. This is the type of weapon that has been used to kill more people than any other firearm in the world. In fact, this weapon has more casualties than the Hiroshima atomic bomb, according to theconversation.com.


According to a Reuters report, not only the army, the AK-47 is used by anti-Western revolutionary movements, leftist leaders around the world, gangsters, drug dealers, mafias and other criminals in the world. Russia did award Kalashnikova the most high-ranking state honorary award, the gold star medal of the Hero of Russia, on her 90th birthday. But for him, pride in his invention was a pain. What's more, watching the weapons he made for the convenience of being worn by criminals and child soldiers.


History of the AK-47

Kalashnikova began working on the design of this weapon after World War 2 in 1945. It was further introduced and presented in 1947 in the capabilities of the Warsaw Accords member states. There were 16 ideas decided by the Small Armament Management Department. Of those, six were eliminated and 10 were selected. Until finally only six designers, namely Rukavishnikov, Kalashnikov, Baryshev, Korobov, Bulkin and Dementiev whose shapes were chosen to be made and tested.


After the design was realized and tested, Bulkin's weapon became the best. But none of the weapons were decided because they failed to pass the details. The six designers of this weapon were then told to correct the initial design. After correction, there is still no appropriate design. Even Kalashnikov's design is the ugliest. The competition commissioner next tried to help some of the designers by giving criticism and advice. Only Kalashnikov embodied that advice. Three of the 6 designers were eliminated. Design Kalashnikov, Bulkin, and Dementiev, can get away with reference corrections.


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After being updated, the actualization of the latest design of the 3 designers was finally tested from December 16, 1947 to January 11, 1948. In this test, the Kalashnikov weapon called AK-47 is the best overall compared to the other two weapons. Kalashnikov-made weapons were decided to be mass-made and legally used by the Soviet Armed Forces in 1949. Since then, the AK-47 was widely used also by most warsaw deal member states throughout the Cold War.


The AK-47 has witnessed many wars that occurred after World War 2. Among them are the Vietnam War, the Soviet-Afghan War, the Chechen War I, the Chechen War II, the Libyan Civil War, the Syrian Civil War, and many other wars. In 2001, during the Taliban's collapse in Afghanistan, the AK-47 became the most found weapon there. Based on a report by Tempo reporter Qaris Tajudin, this deadly weapon was mentioned as a means of communicating every day at that time. "At that time, weapons were grasped by whom and could be aimed at anyone," Qaris noted.


Detail AK-47

The AK-47 is known as a simple weapon, easy to operate, low cost of scraping, and not fussy about maintenance. This weapon is said to be a firearm legend because of its durability and reliability in firing. Its large gas pistons, loose range on some parts of the technician, and the design of the bullets, make this weapon still able to fire smoothly even though the inside elements contain dirt or foreign objects. The drawback is that this weapon has less accuracy because of the wide range of the technician's side.


In other detail, the rear targets of the AK-47 can be arranged with a distance setting of 100 mtr. While the front targets can be arranged the same according to their elevation on the field. And for horizontal settings, it is arranged by manufacturing in the current arsenal before it is handed over to the user. By default, the target setting is set to target the bullet at the target point at a distance of 250 mtr.. This standard setting is used so that the shooter does not have to change the setting of the target tool at close range.


The secret in both the AK-47's durability is that there is a chrome arrangement in the barrel aisle and bullet chamber, and a gas piston and the interior of the AK-47 gas cylinder. The presence of chrome really helps to extend the life of the element because it resists corrosion and rust. Weapons of the 20th era were prone to rust because ammunition usually contained mercury elements that had corrosive properties. The way out, cleaning regularly. Fortunately, at this time, chrome coatings on weapons have become commonplace.


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The AK-47 weighs 4.3 kg, with a length of 870 millimeters. And the length of the barrel itself reaches 415 millimeters. This weapon uses bullets measuring 7.62 x 39 millimeters. As for the working process, it uses gas and bolts in circles. The AK-47 has an average firing power of 600 rounds per minute. The speed of the bullet is, in a second reaches a distance of 710 mtr.. This weapon is efficiently used for a range of 300 mtr.. There are three types of ammunition that can be used, namely the 30-grain Magazen box, the 40-grain RPK Magazen box, and the 75-grain RPK drum Magazen.




Variations of the AK-47

The AK-47 has been developed and has a sort. Several variations of the AK-47, the AK-47 1948-51 AK-47 1952, AKS-47, RPK, and some sort of CMA, and other AK-47 rectifier forces.


1. AK-47 1948-51


It has a size of 7.62 × 39 millimeters. This is as the earliest fashion and is very, very rare. Wears a Type 1 stamping receiver.


2. AK-47 1952


It has a size of 7.62 x 39 millimeters. Wearing a machined receiver with a popor and a wooden handle. It weighs 4.2 kg. This is the first time a variation has used chrome arrays.


3. AKS-47


wears a folding down popor similar to the German MP40 popor.


4. RPK


It has a size of 7.62 x 39 millimeters. As versus a machine gun. It has a longer barrel. Equipped with a bipod or leg support 2.


5. AKM


There are various variations of the CMA. Besides versus original, some kind of CMA i.e. AKMS, and AKMSU


6. The other series


In 1978, the Soviet Union began to replace the AK-47 and AKM rifles with a newer design, the AK-74. Furthermore, other variations were developed such as the AK-101 Series, AK-103 Series, and AK-107/108 Series.


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