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Shallots: Classification, Morphological Features, Benefits, and Cultivation Methods

The onion plant is certainly a type of plant that many people recognize. In fact, shallots themselves are often met with garlic because the 2nd is a type of vegetable plant that can be used as a kitchen spice. In addition, shallots are also known as the meaning of plants that can make you sad.

The argument is sad because, when you slice the onion for a long time and have not been trained initially, therefore tears will come out suddenly because of the stinging and heat that is felt.


Shallots in essence are layer bulbs which are one of the superior ingredients used by housewives to taste dishes. In addition, this plant is also known to have many benefits, therefore it is not strange for many farmers who cultivate this shallot.

Shallots have a scientific name that is mentioned allium ascalonicum. This plant is mentioned as a wind-wind culture plant and has a very high economic value, remembering that the need for shallots in the market is really needed by some people.

Read more: 10 Indian Spices That Make the Tongue Shake

Shallot Categorization

Here's the categorization of onion crops;

Kingdom = Plantae

Sub kingdom = Tracheobionta

Super divided = Spermatophyta

Divided = Magnoliophyta

Class = Liliopsida

Subclasses = Lilidae

Order = Araceales

Family = Liliaceae

Genus  = Allium

Species = Allium Cepa L. Var. Aggregatum

Morphological Features of Shallots

The morphological characteristics of onion plants as a uniqueness or peculiarity that belongs to each organ in the onion. Among others;

1. Root

The first morphological characteristics that shallots have are the side of the roots. For info if the meaning of roots in this plant is a kind of root fibers. Furthermore, the root mechanism is shallow and has scattered branches.

Onion roots can generally be present in about 15 to 30 in the soil. If you want to take root therefore it must be taken slowly so that the roots are not cut off.

2. Stalk

Another peculiarity of onions is in the stem. For info if the definition of stalk in this plant has a true stalk mentioned named discus. The shape of the onion stalk is like a disc and short size. Besides, the texture of the stalk is thin and not so rough.

This onion stalk is commonly used for the place where the roots and buds are attached. You also need to recognize if in addition to the true stalk, apparently onions have pseudo-stalks located in the soil and later will have different forms and roles, namely as layer bulbs that are often used for cooking spices.

3. Leaf

The leaves are the 3rd side that has the uniqueness of carrying this onion plant. You need to recognize if the leek usually has a cylindrical shape. The size of the leaves is quite long, which is about between 50 to 70 cm. Shallots have holes and the shape of the tip is pointed.

For info if the leeks usually have a dark green to dark green color. Furthermore, to be located alone, the leeks are on the stems of plants that are even shorter in size.

4. Flower

Morphological features after which onion flowers. Stems for the flower meaning of this plant can generally come out the tip of the plant which is about 30 to 90 cm long. Flower florets in onion plants can amount to many between 50 to 200 flowers.

Generally, flowers make circular or round formations similar to the shape of an umbrella. The stamens on the flowers are green or yellowish. Furthermore, this onion flower is also a prime flower that can do self-pollination or cross mechanism.

5. Fruits and seeds

The last peculiarity of shallots is the side in the meaning of the fruit and the meaning of the seeds. The fruits on this plant have a rounded shape and the tip is more plowed. Each fruit shoots about 2 to 3 grains of seeds. The form of onion seeds is sprawling with white color, but the longer it is when it is old, the color turns black.

Read more: 11 Benefits of Shallots: Strengthen Immunity to Healthy Heart

Benefits of Shallots

The benefits of onion-coated bulbs besides being used for kitchen seasoning apparently there are many returns. Among others;

1. Helps resistant cancer

Onion plants are known to have benefits for resisting cancer. Good from garlic to onions. In general, shallots themselves contain quercetin which plays an anti-oxidant role and is very good for challenging free radicals.

In addition, the content in shallots can also be used to block the development of cancer, starting from ovarian cancer, usu cancer, lung cancer, and others. Therefore, if you want to resist the ongoing cancer, shallots are an alternative medicine to eat.

2. Lower blood pressure

The next benefit of the onion plant is that it is able to lower blood pressure. The content of quercetin in shallots is indeed useful for several things. In addition, it is used to resist cancer, apparently another benefit is that it can reduce blood pressure.

Just as you know, a person who has such high blood pressure makes his body go down and feel dizzy. Therefore, we must be able to maintain blood pressure so that it is constant and normal with one of the steps of onion consumption.

3. Helps normalize blood sugar content

Shallots play a role in helping to lower the blood sugar content in the body. This is done when you consume shallots, therefore what is to happen is an increase in insulin content and help the glycolysis process, especially for diabetic patients.

4. Lower body cholesterol

The last benefit that can be obtained when you consume shallots is being able to reduce cholesterol in the body. For info if this onion has anti-oxidant substances and bioactive substances. The role of several substances is one of which is to reduce the cholesterol content or overall fat in the body directly.

Read more: Spices: Definition, History, Uses, And Ways Of Storage

Onion Cultivation Steps

Techniques in the meaning of onion cultivation are explained as follows;

1. Selection of onion seeds

You must prepare onion seeds in advance if you want to plant this plant. Make sure that the seeds are of high quality so that the results obtained later are good. For information, there are 2 types of onion seeds, namely from the onion seeds or bulbs.

But many people cultivate onions from the seeds of their bulbs. It is better to return if you have stored the onion bulbs for about 2 to three months at first, so that the same size is appropriate, which is 1.5 to 2 cm. If the seeds are ready therefore the planting process can be carried out.

2. Soil processing and planting

Onion cultivation should indeed be carried out carefully and patiently, because from those 2 things you will get optimal results. The moment before the planter begins, make sure that the soil used as a place for planting onions has been first processed.

The meaning is to prepare the soil first by making a billiard that measures in width between 1 to 1.2 mtr. and its height can be between 20 to 30 cm. Next, put a distance between the billiards, which is about 50 cm and the hoe until it reaches inside about 20 cm.

Then you can plant onions by putting the seeds in the ground and putting them back with soil. Water with a small amount of water so that the soil remains moist.

3. Onion care

The next process is to do the maintenance and care of the plant by applying it fertilizer. In addition, water is also the same water every afternoon and morning so that the plants are always fertile.

That's just now an article that can be given all groups related to the description of the onion plant, scientific categorization, morphological features, benefits, and techniques of its cultivators.

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