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How to Plant Onions along with pictures

Shallots are a vegetable that is famous in the group of home gardeners because it has various types of benefits, is easy to grow, and requires a room that is not large. In addition, they have a period of rapid development until you start picking in the spring, then dry and store for use in the winter.

Preparing for Planting

1. Select the type of shallot you want to plant. As with most fruits and vegetables, there are alluring different types of shallots with different arguments. Shallots come in three common colors - white, yellow, and red/purple - each having the other flavor. In addition, shallots are classified into two types of growing time: long daylight hours and short daylight hours. Shallots fall into the group of long daylight hours because they begin to develop during the daytime between 14-16 hours in length (late spring/summer), and onions that enter the short daylight group begin to develop during daylight hours between 10-12 hours in length (winter/originally spring).

Shallots during the long daylight hours are perfect for growing in the northern regions of the USA, and onions on short daylight hours are completely just right for growing in the southern regions of the USA.

Yellow onion is an onion that has a golden color and has a slightly sweet taste, onion with a white color has a slightly sharp taste and fragrance compared to yellow onions, and onion is an onion that is purple in color and is often consumed fresh rather than processed.

2. Determine how you planted that onion. By and large, there are two well-known steps to growing onions: wearing onion bulbs or wearing onion seeds. Farmers prefer planting with bulbs, as they are slightly strong and more resistant to bad weather than onion seeds. However, if you can afford and want to grow onions from indoor seeds and divert them outside the house, you can certainly enlarge your onions from seeds.

You can decide to grow onions from grafts/cuttings, but this is not always a success and is more difficult to implement than using bulbs or seeds.

Visit a seed seller in your city for references on bulbs and onion seeds that can grow well in your area.


3. Know when it's time to plant. Onions can be difficult to grow if they are not instilled at an accurate time. When instilled in cold weather, they can die or dispose of their power in the form of flowers not in the form of bulbs in the spring. When you grow seeds, start planting them indoors at least 6 weeks before they are planted outdoors. Onions can be planted outdoors at the end of March or initially April, or when the temperature does not fall below -7 °C.

4. Determine a good location. Onions don't really choose a place when it's time for the growing season, but they have some passions. Determine a place with a spacious room and full sunlight. Onions will grow quite large if they are given enough space, so remember that the larger the planting room you give them to grow, the bigger the onion you want to get. It is not allowed to plant onions on a site shaded by plants or several large trees.

Onions grow well in the chambers, so if you do not have a fairly large garden room, you can make separate chambers for your onion plants.

5. Prepare the soil. Although some design considerations are needed, if you can prepare the soil for planting some time initially, you will get a better onion crop later. Whenever possible, start processing the soil and add fertilizer in the shedding season. If your soil contains a lot of rock, sand, or a lot of clay, mix some potted soil (a combination of loam, peat, sand and fertilizer) to help improve the growing medium. In addition, test the pH content of your soil and add the compounds needed so that your soil pH content is in the range of 6 to 7.5.

The best time to test and change the pH of the soil is at least a month before planting, until any additional material has enough time to cause an impact on the soil and prepare the base for onions to grow.

Read more: Shallots: Classification, Morphological Features, Benefits, and Cultivation Methods

Planting Onions

1. Prepare the soil. When you are ready for planting, till the soil with a depth of about 15.2 cm and add one arrangement of phosphorus fertilizers (1 cup per 6 mtr.). Wearing combinations like 10-20-10 or 0-20-0 will give an additional boost to your onion changes. At this point, be sure to remove all the weeds that are on the plot of soil that you used to plant your onions.

2. Dig the hole. Plant onion bulbs or seeds to a depth of no more than 2.5 cm from the soil surface; when most bulbs are implanted, the development of onions will shrink and narrow. Plant onion bulbs in a distance of 10.2-15.2 cm, and onion seeds in a distance of 2.5-5.1 cm. When the onions begin to develop, you can divert them and provide a longer spacing to increase the size of their development.

3. Plant the onions. Put the seeds in the hole that you have already stirred, then cover with 1.25 to 2.5 cm of soil. Wear your hands or shoes to compact the soil over the onion; onions grow better on dense soils, not loose ones. Complete the planting by adding a little water, and you're ready to watch your plants grow!

Read more: 13 Types of Ornamental Freshwater Fish that are Easy to Maintain

Grafted onions require more water than onion plants from bulbs or seeds, so you have to provide additional moisture when you grow this type of onion.

4. Take care of your onion planting place. Onions are a relatively less strong plant, because they have a small root mechanism and are easily damaged or used by weeds and because they get a pull. Use a hoe to cut the upper side of each weed, instead of picking it up; pulling weeds can make the roots of your onion plants also interested, and make it difficult to grow. Water your onions with about 2.5 cm of water/week, and supplement with nitrogen fertilizers once a month to provide nutrition. A month after planting, add a mulch arrangement between each plant to keep moisture in check and avoid weeds from growing.

If you want your onions to taste a little sweet, give them more water than usual.

If any of your onion plants are flowering, unplug the plants. These onions are already 'locked' and do not grow the same size or normal taste.

5. Harvest your onions. Onions are ready to be harvested when the tops of the crop look golden yellow; at this point, bend that peak until it stretches flat above the ground. This treatment will divert more and more nutrients to raise the tubers, not to grow shoots. After 24 hours, the top will be brown and the onion is ready to be pulled. Pull out your onions from the ground and cut the shoots about 2.5 cm above the bulbs and roots. Let the onions stand dry for a day or 2 in the light of the sun, then switch them towards a dry place in the room for 2-4 weeks to continue drying.

Put your onions in a sack having cavities or on gauze wire to provide a nice airway when the onions are dried. This will help the onions last longer and maintain their taste.

Sweet onions rot faster because of their high water content, so consume this type of onion first to resist spoilage.

Remove, or cut and use, each onion that shows signs of decay so that they do not spread the disease to the other onions in storage.

Read more: 20 Types of Indonesian Spices, Make Your Cooking Delicious


To start planting onions faster, plant onion bulbs in a place filled with moist potted soil two weeks before you divert them to the garden. Let the place stand still remain in space until they can grow and improve the root mechanism by the time you are ready to plant them.

To help resist diseases and pests, try planting radishes on a plot similar in soil to the onions you planted.

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