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9 Ways to Grow Garlic and How to Care for It!

 Because her most basic role is often felt by some housewives when her selling value rises. Unsuccessful harvest, flooding, or other factors are the causes of garlic prices to rise. But it can be outsmarted by growing garlic yourself in the yard of the house. By planting their own, some mothers can save their spending money.

Understanding Garlic

Garlic as a bulbous plant is usually used as a spice ingredient to accompany kitchen seasoning. For Indonesians themselves, garlic is one of the spices that must be in every dish. With its unique taste and existing onion fragrance, it can make dishes more delicious and upload desires, so that garlic can increase appetite.

Read more: 6 Ways to Grow Garlic for Beginners, Many Benefits!

Benefits of Garlic

  • It can help cure slitting pain, cough and inflammation of the esophagus.
  • It can help resist fever and flu.
  • Can help resist blood clots.
  • Can help resist Cancer.
  • Can help contain the ongoing infection.
  • Can reduce blood sugar content or diabetes.
  • Can cure toothache.
  • It can heal and eliminate warts.
  • It can withstand and restore liver damage such as hepatitis.
  • Can lower cholesterol content.

Steps to Plant Garlic:

  • Obtaining Garlic Seedlings

You can use garlic seeds for seedlings. But it's a pity that we can't know where the garlic comes from. Know the origin of garlic it is important to witness what type of garlic seedlings it fits to be planted where we expect it to be. It would be great for you to buy seeds from a plant store that sells garlic varieties and you can choose the one that fits your home area. Buying it directly to the store will allow you to choose and witness firsthand the condition of the seeds whether they are good or may not be. Garlic has various varieties, there are garlics that can be instilled in cold or dry weather.

Why is it not recommended to use garlic cloves that you buy to the market. Sometimes garlic marketed in the market comes from a remote location, so it cannot be emphasized when it grows in your home location. Chemicals are commonly used to make Garlic last longer and longer. Garlic that has been preserved will be difficult to develop more difficult when compared to garlic that is not preserved.

  • Planting time

The right planting time for Garlic is in the shedding season or spring. Planting in the winter is better than the shedding season. If garlic grows with cloves it gets bigger and has a delicious taste than it is instilled in spring. But if you live in a tropical or sub-tropical region therefore plant your garlic in early spring.

In a four-season country if you plant garlic in the shedding season, planting 6 - 8 weeks a moment will be snowy. If you want to plant garlic in the spring, plant it when the soil can be used again in February or March.

  • Preparing the Venue

The sun is the factor that has the most influence on the growth and development of garlic. Look for a point that gets full sunlight and has a good authoring mechanism. Dig the soil approximately 4 inches. Then base the pit with compost to add nutrients so that garlic grows strong and healthy.

Planting Garlic in a pot can also be implemented. You can choose a pot or a place with a depth and width that is enough to fill it with soil that has been given fertilizer. Garlic likes soils with a soil type that has a sandy loam texture and a loose soil arrangement with a pH of 5.5-7. Above the ground following garlic plants in seedlings Clean the place by cleaning some plant residues that are inside or on the surface of the place through plowing 20-30 cm deep.

Plowing is carried out about 2-3 times a week. Next, a separator is made 20-50 cm high and 60-150 cm wide. The length of the separator can be equated to the place. Make a trench between the separators for irrigation of water with a width of 30-40 cm. The depth of the trench depends on the conditions of the season. In the rainy season, for example, a deeper trench should be made.

  • Planting Garlic

In the process of planting garlic, the seedlings used are tried to be similar in size. Tubers are instilled to a depth of 2-3 cm. The planting distance can be equal to the size of the clove used, for example if the weight of the clove is heavier than 1.5 gr, therefore the planting distance is 20 cm X 20 cm. If the clove weight of garlic seedlings is 3 gr on an hectare of place, approximately 1,600 kg is needed. But when the weight of the seedlings cloves is 1 gr therefore 670 kg is required.

Here are the steps to plant the right garlic:

  • Take a single clove from the garlic, keeping the skin arrangement intact.
  • Plant garlic seeds in a distance of 4 inches and a depth of 2 inches.
  • Try to place the side of the root down the ground and taper it towards the top to make the garlic not grow to the wrong one.
  • Next cover the garlic seeds with soilwhich has been given fertilizer and tepok slowly.
  • When the weight of garlic seeds is less than 1.5 gr, therefore the planting distance can be decided equal in size 15 cm x 15 cm or the same size 15 cm x 10 cm.

Keeping Garlic

The place where your garlic plants must be built up and protected cover your place of plants. In the shedding season, where you need hay with 6 inches. But in the spring, you guys don't put this cover on. In the spring, you can cut the roots of garlic flowers so that the garlic bulbs can grow large. you can watch the garlic stalks there in early spring.

Meet the needs of water. Since garlic needs water when suitable watering. Garlic requires water every 3 to 5 days depending on the weather. If you watch the place where the soil is planted becomes dry and dusty, therefore you can immediately water the garlic. Throughout the shedding and wintering season garlic does not need watering.

Watering Techniques

For watering garlic plants is carried out by inundating the trenches between the bilikan. Its frequency depends on the age of the plant. At the beginning of the development, for example, the provision of water is carried out once every 2-3 days, while in the period of bud development until the construction of irrigation bulbs is carried out once every 7-15 days. Watering is stopped at the time of optimal tuber development or 10 days closer to harvest.

Fertilizer Application

  • Organic and non-organic fertilizers can be used to cultivate garlic. Organic fertilizer is from a chicken coop with an amount of 10-20 tons / ha or goat manure with an amount of 30 tons / ha. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied 3x throughout the development, namely at the time of planting, during the construction of buds and during the construction of tubers. Then, the amount given for non-organic fertilizers is 200 kg N, 180 kg P2O5, 60 kg K2O and 142 kg S per hectare.

  • The quality and yield of garlic bulbs can be improved by applying liquid chemical fertilizer (micro element) Cytozyme with a focus of 0.25% to be an option. This looking chemical fertilizer is sprayed on the leaves. And the use of Massmikro with a focal size of 200 ppm and Hipron about 2x with a focus of 2 ml / l. The fertilizer is applied at the time of planting simultaneously with potash and phosphorus fertilizers.

  • Additional fertilizer and clean pests are the same as needed. If the roots have noticeably yellowish or lack strength when planting. You can apply fertilizer to keep him healthy. You can remove weeds from plants so that onions do not compete with other plants for nutrition and water.

  • You should chop garlic by weeding weeds and do a bilikan update between 20-30 days. The frequency can increase when weeding weeds if the movement of weed development is fast enough. The time to enter the generative stage of the weed race is no longer carried out because it can interfere with the process of building and growing tubers.

  • Many rows of plant bullies attack garlic. Less than 19 henis of plants that disturb garlic such as Thrips tabaci, Spodoptera exigua, Fusarium sp, Alternaria porii, Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus and others.

  • Pest management can be carried out with the IPM mechanism, through the use of healthy seeds, technical culture regulation, natural opponents, the use of traps, sanitation, and pesticides according to the level of regulation.

Garlic Harvesting Steps

When picking garlic followed by the transition of the plant to yellow and begin to die. Generally this happens in July or August. It should not be late to pick garlic because the result of the bulbs will shrivel and produce an unpalatable taste.

But it should not be too early because it cannot be properly preserved. When harvesting garlic plants directly depends on the variety, but the average period required from the time it was originally grown to the harvest period is about 90 - 120 days.

Some of the characteristics of Garlic that is ready for harvest are:

The color of the leaves differs from the green color so it is yellowish and it looks like it is starting to wither. Fertilizing, watering and spraying activities of pests should be stopped in the period approaching harvest.

The step of picking garlic, carried out by taking the plant by hand when the weather is cheerful.

After harvesting the harvested tubers are tied up about 20-30 clumps per bunch. These tubers are next and dried in the sun until the stems are dry, when it takes about 15 days.

Picking garlic does not have to destroy it by using a shovel to dredge the territory around the garlic and try not to destroy the cloves. Next remove the attached soil and let the onion stalks still remain attached to the bulbs.

Read more: Simple Homemade Garlic Bread That Tastes So Good

Preserving Garlic

After the harvest period, you must leave the garlic for two weeks until it dries first before use. After the garlic is dry therefore the skin will be dry but the bulbs harden. Next you have to store the garlic in a cool and dry location.

There is another step to preserve garlic, namely by cutting onion stalks, it can preserve garlic and maintain the condition of your onions so that you get a good air rotation.

You can also store garlic to preserve it by leaving the stem still attached, sticking it and then hanging it in a dry and cold place.

The drying method can be implemented as follows:

Dry it under the heat of the sun, but cover the bulbs with the leaves so that the garlic bulbs are not attacked by direct sunlight.

Implemented in layered racks with hanging.

Smoking system, that is, place garlic on top of the para-para in the kitchen. The trick is that the garlic is smoked through smoke from the treated water.

When the bulbs are hard when held and easily separated, it means that garlic is ready to use. Then separate the best cloves for the next growing season. Separate several large bulbs for planting in the shedding season before frosts or in early spring. Strain the tubers that look the best until the next season's harvest is large and the taste is getting stronger.

Planting Garlic in a Pot

The following is planting garlic in a pot or polybag, namely:


  1. Garlic
  2. Pots or polybags
  3. Planting place

Steps to Plant Garlic

The timing of planting garlic should be in the dry season. This will have an influence on the results of garlic cultivation so that garlic can develop and grow properly. During the rainy season, the high water content is really not good for garlic plants because it can cause decay.

The first thing that must be prepared is a planting place consisting of soil, sand, and compost with a difference of 1: 1: 1. Place garlic seedlings in prepared pots or polybags. Choose high-yielding garlic seedlings, onions that have aged and are good. Then peel off the skin

Put the peeled garlic on a polybag 2-3 cm deep with a pointed side status pointing up. If it has been two weeks of planting it, then sprouts appear.

It can also be sown first by being water-washed until the circumference is there.

Steps to Keep Garlic Plants

The process of watering and fertilizing is carried out regularly so that the plants grow well and get garlic yields that are ready to be harvested. Peyiraman is carried out every afternoon and morning with water intensive which as necessary is not excessive and does not lack water.

Garlic plants need maximum sunlight, keep polybags in a place that is attacked by sunlight so that plants get good nutrition and grow optimally. The garlic harvest period is generally after the planting mass is 90-100 days old with some characteristics on the transition of leaf color to yellowish with a degree of wilting of 35%-60%.

Read more: 16 Benefits of Eating Raw Garlic for Body Health

These are some steps to grow garlic using pots or polybags that can be carried out at home. With patience and good care will get a plant that grows well and brings the maximum harvest.

So few reviews with regards to the 9 Steps to Growing Garlic and the Steps to Keep it! hopefully since there is a review this can add discourse and knowledge to us, and we say Thank You for noticing our discussion. If you feel our discussion is useful ask to be shared.

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